Metarhizium anisopliae dan Andrographis paniculata Terhadap Serangga Bukan Hama Sasaran. Dini Yuliani

ABSTRAK

Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui pengaruh Metarhizium anisopliae dan Andrographis paniculata terhadap musuh alami dari Nephotettix virescens (Hemiptera: Cicadellidae) dan serangga bukan hama sasaran. Penelitian dilaksanakan di daerah endemis tungro di Kabupaten Subang, Jawa Barat pada musim hujan 2013/2014. Penelitian menggunakan rancangan petak terpisah dengan empat ulangan. Petak utama, yaitu varietas IR66, Inpari 9, dan Ciherang. Anak petak adalah aplikasi M. anisopliae, A. paniculata, dan kontrol. Pengamatan dilakukan sebanyak lima kali mulai persemaian (2 minggu setelah semai), 14, 28, 42, dan 56 hari setelah tanam menggunakan jaring serangga, sebanyak 10 kali ayunan ganda pada setiap petak pengamatan. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan M. anisopliae dan A. paniculata tidak berdampak buruk terhadap serangga bukan hama sasaran seperti Chironomid dan musuh alami dari N. Virescens, yaitu Lycosa pseudoannulata, Cyrtorhinus lividipennis, Sepedon sp., capung jarum, Tipulidae sp., Telenomus sp., capung, dan Tetrastichus sp.. Efikasi M. anisopliae dan A. paniculata sebagai salah satu strategi pengendalian yang ramah lingkungan dan terbukti tidak membahayakan terhadap serangga bukan hama sasaran. 

Kata kunci: Andrographis paniculata, Metarhizium anisopliae, serangga bukan hama sasaran

ABSTRACT

The objective of this study was to determine the effect of Metarhizium anisopliae and Andrographis paniculata to the natural enemies of Nephotettix virescens and non-target insect pests. This research was conducted in tungro endemic areas in Subang District, West Java in the wet season 2013/2014. The method of research used a split plot design with four replications. The main plot was IR66, Inpari 9, and Ciherang varieties. Subplot was the application of M. anisopliae, A. paniculata, and control. Observations were carried out five times started at nursery (2 weeks after seedling), 14, 28, 42, and 56 days after planting using insect nets, double swing 10 times on each plot observations. The results show M. anisopliae and A. paniculata not adversely affect on non-target insect pests such as Chironomid and natural enemies of N. virescens namely Lycosa pseudoannulata, Cyrtorhinus lividipennis, Sepedon sp., damselfly, Tipulidae sp., Telenomus sp., dragonfly, and Tetrastichus sp.. Efficacy of M. anisopliae and A. paniculata as one of the control strategies that are environmentally friendly and proved not harmful to non-target insect pests.

Keywords: Andrographis paniculata, Metarhizium anisopliae, non-target insect pests

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