Faktor Risiko dan Prevalensi Infeksi Toxocara vitulorum pada Sapi Potong di Kecamatan Kasiman, Kabupaten Bojonegoro. Aji Winarso, Fadjar Satrija, Yusuf Ridwan

Abstrak

Penelitian ini dilaksanakan untuk mengetahui keberadaan toxocariosis pada sapi potong di Sekolah Peternakan Rakyat (SPR) Kasiman Bojonegoro serta mengidentifikasi beberapa faktor risiko yang mungkin berperan dalam tingkat prevalensi dan intensitas infeksi. Sebanyak 263 ekor sapi berbeda umur dan jenis kelamin diambil sampel feses dan sebanyak 80 peternak diwawancarai. Prevalensi toxocariosis sapi di SPR Kasiman sebesar 5,32% (CI 95% = 2,61-8,04%). Variabel umur dan jenis kelamin menunjukkan pengaruh terhadap risiko infeksi. Prevalensi cenderung menurun berdasarkan kelompok umur (berbeda nyata, p<0,001), yaitu kelompok pedet (23,68%), anak (7,41%), muda (2,04%), dan dewasa (1,34%). Prevalensi pada kelompok jantan sebesar 12,7% dan betina 3,0% (berbeda nyata, p=0,003). Namun analisis regresi logistik menemukan hanya umur yang memengaruhi angka infeksi dengan model matematis toxocariosis di SPR Kasiman adalah Logit toxocariosis = -0,058 -1.098 umur.

Kata kunci: Bojonegoro, sapi potong, Toxocara vitulorum

 

ABSTRACT

This study were conducted to determine the presence of toxocariosis in beef cattle in Kasiman Subdistrict, the Regency of Bojonegoro kept under the Sekolah Peternakan Rakyat (SPR) programme. The experiment were done to identify several risk factors that may play certain roles on the degree of prevalence and infection intensity. A total of 263 head of local beef cattle with various ages were taken for faecal samples and 80 farmers were interviewed. Results of the experiment indicated the prevalence of toxocariosis was 5.32% (CI 95% = 2.61-8.04%) influenced by age and gender which showed an effect on the risk of infection. The prevalence tends to decline by age group (p <0.001): calves under 6 months of age (23.68%), and between 6-12 months of age (7.41%), 1-2 years old calves (2.04%) and the above 2 years adults (1.34%). The prevalence is higher in the males group (12.7%) compared to the females group (3.0%), (p=0.003). Logistic regression analysis concluded that age was the only affecting variable to the rate of infection with mathematical models for toxocariosis. Logit toxocariosis = -0.058 -1.098 age.

Keywords: beef cattle, Bojonegoro, Toxocara vitulorum

 

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