Posdaya Bina Sejahtera Kota Bogor sebagai Model Pemberdayaan Kemandirian Masyarakat Akar Rumput. Yannefri Bachtiar

ABSTRAK

Sebagai bentuk kepedulian terhadap masyarakat akar rumput, Institut Pertanian Bogor (IPB) telah mengimplementasikan model pengembangan masyarakat yang disebut Pos Pemberdayaan Keluarga (Posdaya) sejak 2007. Posdaya bertujuan untuk meningkatkan kapasitas kemandirian masyarakat akar rumput melalui pengembangan modal sosial (gotong-royong). Untuk itu dilakukan action research, sehingga diperoleh strategi pengembangan kemampuan Posdaya di bidang pendidikan, kesehatan, ekonomi, dan lingkungan yang sesuai kebutuhan masyarakat. Sampai tahun 2010, IPB telah mengembangkan 106 Posdaya yang tersebar di wilayah Bogor, Cianjur, dan Sukabumi. Hasil inisiasi awal adalah terbentuknya Posdaya Bina Sejahtera pada tanggal 8 Mei 2007, tersusunnya rencana kerja, terlaksananya pelatihan kader, dan berkembangnya kegiatan Posdaya pada 4 bidang utama, yaitu bidang pendidikan (PAUD dan pustaka keliling), kesehatan (Posyandu, pos lansia, dan Bina Keluarga Balita), ekonomi (lembaga keuangan mikro syari’ah, usaha kelompok produk makanan, dan kerajinan), dan lingkungan (usaha tani ramah lingkungan dan pengelolaan sampah rumah tangga). Hasil implementasinya adalah pemantapan organisasi, rencana kerja, kesiapan kader, pengembangan kegiatan inti di bidang pendidikan, pelayanan kesehatan, ekonomi, dan lingkungan. Action research menyimpulkan bahwa Posdaya adalah strategi pemberdayaan dalam pengembangan masyarakat akar rumput melalui program botom up untuk membangun kemampuan kemandirian dalam memanfaatkan potensi sumber daya lokal. Posdaya adalah kelembagaan dengan semangat kegotongroyongan yang sesuai dengan kebutuhan masyarakat akar rumput dalam mengembangkan pendidikan, kesehatan, ekonomi, dan lingkungan. Dengan pendekatan ini maka Posdaya merupakan model pengembangan masyarakat yang terbukti mampu membangun masyarakat secara fisik dan bukan fisik.

Kata kunci: gotong royong, mandiri, pemberdayaan, Posdaya, swadaya

ABSTRACT

As a part of the concern to the grass root society, Bogor Agricultural University had been established family empowerment station (Posdaya) the model of community development since 2007. The purpose of Posdaya is to increase the capacity of grass root society to fulfil their need of live by their social capital development. For this purposes the action research was done to explore the appropriate strategy for social facilitation approach in developing their capacity in education, health, economy, and environment. Until 2010, there was 106 Posdaya at Bogor, Cianjur, and Sukabumi area. Posdaya Bina Sejahtera Kelurahan Pasir Mulya Bogor was one of a good example in developing Posdaya that has been established at 8th May 2007. In the initiative phase, several activities had been done, included survey of the potency of community development, mini-workshop, meeting, training, coordinating, and empowering. In the implementation phase, several result had been yielded included organizational establishment, action plan, readiness of cadre, core activities development in education (pre-school and moving library), health services (post health services, geriatric health services, children family planning), economy (syari’ah microfinance institutionalization, small business for food production, and handy-craft), environment (environmental based agribusiness and household waste management). Action research concluded that Posdaya was empowerment strategy in developing grass root society by bottom up program on their self-reliance capacity in using local and potential resources. Posdaya was the institutionalization of social capital that relevant to the need of grass root society in developing education, health, economy, and environment. By these approach Posdaya considered as a proved model of community development in developing both physical and non physical of the society.

Keywords: empowerment, gotong royong, independent, Posdaya, self-reliance

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